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    How to Use Relative Clauses in English

    Do you often wonder how to join two sentences or express complex ideas clearly in English? The secret is the use of relative clauses. Relative clauses enhance our sentences by providing extra details, without the need for additional sentences. With the help of the Metkagram, app, we'll learn the art of weaving relative clauses into our sentences effortlessly. 🚀

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Metkagram Blogs / Flashcards/ How to Use Relative Clauses in English

Defining Relative Clauses

Defining relative clauses, also known as essential or restrictive clauses, provide essential information about the noun they modify. They help us understand who or what we're talking about. These clauses use relative pronouns like 'who', 'which', 'that', etc. Example: "The woman who lives next door is a doctor."

Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Non-defining relative clauses, also known as non-essential or non-restrictive clauses, provide extra information that could be left out without changing the sentence's main meaning. We separate these clauses from the rest of the sentence with commas. Example: "My sister, who lives in Australia, is a teacher."

Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are the superheroes of relative clauses. They replace the noun and join two sentences together. 'Who' and 'which' are subject pronouns, while 'whom' and 'which' serve as object pronouns. 'That' can be used as both subject and object pronoun in defining relative clauses.


Relative clauses might seem a bit tricky at first. But with practice and guidance from the Metkagram, app, you can master them. They will make your English more fluent and sophisticated.

Practice with Metkagram

Practice highlighting defining relative clauses in yellow and non-defining relative clauses in orange using Metkagram, . Try creating sentences with relative clauses and annotate them using the Metkagramapp. This practice will solidify your understanding and use of relative clauses.


Check out these Metkagram, flashcards to reinforce your understanding:

  • "The woman who lives next door is a doctor." (Defining Relative Clause)
  • "My sister, who lives in Australia, is a teacher." (Non-Defining Relative Clause)
  • "I have a book that you might like." (Defining Relative Clause)


Did you know that in informal English, we often omit the relative pronoun when it is the object of the relative clause? For example, "The book (that) I'm reading is very interesting."

Quick Check

Can you identify the relative clauses in the following sentences and label them as defining or non-defining?

  • "The house that I grew up in has been demolished."
  • "My brother, who is an architect, designed this building."

Remember, practice makes perfect!
The more you practice using relative clauses, the more natural it will feel. Keep exploring, learning, and growing with Metkagram, !

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