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    The Difference Between Active and Passive Voice in English

    Welcome, language enthusiasts! If you’ve ever been puzzled by the difference between active and passive voice in English, you’re not alone. It can be a tricky concept to master. But no worries, we're here to untangle the knots for you. Ready? Let's dive in! 🚀

  • The Difference Between Active and Passive Voice in English, flashcards app, metkagram

Metkagram Blogs / Flashcards/ The Difference Between Active and Passive Voice in English

What's the Difference?

In the simplest terms, the difference between active and passive voice lies in what is doing the action in a sentence, known as the subject, and what is receiving the action, the object.

In an active voice sentence, the subject performs the action on the object. For example:

  • "The cat (subject) chased (verb) the mouse (object)."

In a passive voice sentence, the subject is acted upon by the verb. Here's the previous example in passive voice:

  • "The mouse (subject) was chased (verb) by the cat (object)."

Active Voice: The Doer Dominates

In active voice sentences, the subject—the 'doer' of the action—comes first and most importantly, dominates. This direct structure is lively and strong. It's like watching the soccer player (subject) kicking (verb) the ball (object) in real-time. When we use active voice, we're clear about who is doing what, and we avoid unnecessary complexity.

Passive Voice: Spotlight on the Receiver

Passive voice puts the spotlight on the receiver of the action. Often, we use this when the 'doer' is unknown, irrelevant, or we want to emphasize the action or the receiver. In news reports or scientific writing, you'll often see the passive voice. For example, "A new vaccine has been developed."

Switching between Active and Passive

Switching between Active and Passive

For instance, consider the sentence:

  • "The dog buried the bone." (Active)

We can flip it to:

  • "The bone was buried by the dog." (Passive)

The meaning doesn't change, but the focus does.


Try these Metkagram, flashcards for practice:

  • "Did you finish the report?" (Yes/No Question)
  • "When is your birthday?" (WH- Question)
  • "You're not going to the meeting, are you?" (Tag Question)

Why Does It Matter?

Using the right voice allows you to control the focus of your sentences and can make your speech or writing more clear, engaging, and precise. In general, English speakers prefer the active voice for its directness, but the passive voice has its places too.

Quick Check

Here are some sentences. Try to identify if they're in the active or passive voice:

  • The letter was mailed by Sara.
  • The entire house was painted in a week.
  • Peter will open the gifts.
  • The cake must be cooled before eating.

Closing Thoughts

The interplay between active and passive voice is one of the many things that make English rich and varied. Understanding the difference and when to use each voice can make a significant difference in your English skills. Remember, like any aspect of language, practice is key.


Now, how about practicing with a tool that makes grammar feel like a game, not a chore? Try our Metkagram, app. It provides a fun, interactive way to learn and practice English grammar. Plus, it’s full of examples and annotated flashcards to help you understand these concepts better. Happy learning!

So, what's your takeaway from this deep dive into active and passive voice? We hope this helped explain things for you. But remember, as with any part of learning a language, practice makes perfect. So, keep on practicing!

Language is our canvas, and we love painting with words at Metkagram, . If you've felt a connection with this piece, let's create more masterpieces together. Reach out to us at Metkagram Team.

🏆 We hope you enjoyed diving into the depths of our content. But guess what? There’s so much more that awaits you in the world of Metkagram. Don’t let this be the end. There’s a treasure trove of English wonders waiting for you on the other side. Ready to unlock it?

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